Prehistoric Periods of Majorca
First evidence of human colonization in Majorca (4500-3500 B.C)
First stable communities (3500- 2500 .C.)
Calcolitic (2500- 1700 B.C)
Naviform (1700- 1100 B.C)
Talayotic (1100- 123 B.C.)
Period naviform or Pretalayotic
At the present time the most ancient sites in Calvià belong to the naviform period also known as the Pretalayotic. It is a period when the human communities grouped together in villages with an economy that was basically livestock and agriculture of a secondary nature. The villages of this period are formed by dwelling structures called navetas. It is a structure of iron finished in apse and built with a double cavity wall and a roof of vegetable material.These dwellings belonged to villages that were relatively dispersed .
The necrpolis of this period is formed by artificial caves of communal burials, usually excavated inside the mares. These caves have floors of different types but they tend to be long and sometimes with different chambers and niches.
The most significant sites of this period in the municipality of Calvià are: Naveta Alemany, Caves de Can Vairet, Son Boronat, the village of Son Bugadelles, Las Caves of Cala Vinyes.
The majority of the archeological sites in Calvià belong to the Talayotic. This period is characterized by:
- Increase of the implantation in the territory with a greater documentation of the sites.
- Increase of the control of the territory. The villages are situated in many cases, on a high level with a visual control of the territory. There are sites (talayots, plataforms, steps, etc) that have a clear funtion of controlling the territory and the delimitation of the busiest areas of transit and control of the village.
- Livestock is the main economic activity basically dedicating to the sheep family followed in a lesser proportion by cattle and and a small proportion of horses. The differential operation of these herds shows the existence of taking an advantage of secondary products such as milk, wool, animal power in the case of the oxen and also meat production. This main activity is supplemented by an agriculture of a domestic and subsístance type. As reflected in the documents of ceramics used for storage,hand-worked mills, remains of carbonized corn and an análisis of the diet of the human remains at the necropolis of Son Real.
- Together with these two main activities would be documented as an activity that is usually domestic, of a craftsman´s nature related with the manufacture of ceramics, fabric etc.
- The social level becomes more and more complex which brings about a hierarchy of society.
The main sites belonging to this period are:the Puig de Sa Morisca, Es Fornets, the Turó de Se Abelles, Son Miralles, the Túmul de Son Ferrer.